Mozambique Institute of Cereals (ICM)
The Mozambique Institute of Cereals (ICM) is an independent public entity tasked with achieving two overarching objectives for the Government of Mozambique (GRM): i) promote efficient trade in cereals to stimulate production and ensure broad-based economic growth in rural areas, and ii) ensure domestic food security in times of crisis.
Per Article 4 of the official statutes for ICM, the institute is to work through eleven functional areas covering a mix of market development and food security related activities. ICM’s mandate has evolved over time in response to the growing private sector activity in the cereals market and limited funding for direct market intervention, and today is more optimized to actions suitable for a state actor. In the most recent iteration of ICM’s mandate from the Council of Minister’s Decree 62/2016, the Institute’s role is to:
● Coordinate agricultural trade and engage with stakeholders along value-chains,
● Intervene as a marketing agent of last resort for excess production,
● Establish a reserve stock of cereals to ensure food security, and
● Ensure absorption by national industry of local production.
The Institute is now in the process of restructuring to fulfill this role. This Strategic Plan (SP) seeks to guide ICM in its restructuring, to suggest best practice models for each of ICM’s key functions, and to ensure that the Government of the Republic of Mozambique’s (GRM) aims in stimulating agricultural production and promoting agricultural trade are met while also developing mechanisms to support food security.