In Mozambique the private sector has shown remarkable growth in response to widespread unmet demand for clean water, primarily through the creation of very small businesses in underserved communities. In 2010 an inventory of private water providers in greater Maputo counted 400 service providers. By 2013, that number had more than doubled to 816 PWPs, and similar small businesses can be found multiplying nationwide. To take advantage of this private sector initiative, while also ensuring health and safety standards are met and consumer protections are enforced, the government approved the Regulation for Licensing of Private Water Providers in the Supply of Potable Water (Decree 51/2015). SPEED+ will facilitate the full and effective implementation of the Decree, which is expected to increase private sector investment in the water sector, improve access and quality of service for customers, and accelerate the scaling up of clean water delivery throughout the country. With the National Directorate for Water and Sanitation and SPEED+ working together, it is expected that by the end of 2018 a total of 500 private water supply systems will be licensed, serving 800,000 people with well-regulated, high quality, efficiently managed and safe water services. As a result, Mozambique will be well placed to meet its commitment to the Sustainable Development Goal of universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all citizens by 2030, which the National Water and Sanitation Directorate (DNAAS) estimates will require US$3.1 billion investment.